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Image Copyright: CC BY-SA 3.0 Attribution: ImageCreator - http://www.imagecreator.co.uk/ Original Author: Nick Youngson - http://www.nyphotographic.com/ Original Image: http://www.thebluediamondgallery.com/typewriter/s/standards.html
"Written documentation of copyright ownership is a critical part of any archive’s oral history work."
Unless a different, written agreement has been created, the copyright of an oral history is held jointly between the interviewer and the interviewee. This copyright does not end at death, but passes to the estate of the interviewer or interviewee. When conducting oral history interviews for a Centre College project or a project that will be held by the Centre College Archives, a signed agreement on who owns the copyright must be signed.
Do not use copyrighted music in the interview.
Do not show copyrighted images in a video interview.
Please review Centre College's copyright policy.
If you'd like to know more, read: Speaking of Music and the Counterpoint of Copyright: Addressing Legal Concerns in Making Oral History Available to the Public.
The Oral History Association maintains a statement of Best Practices addressing both the ethical principles and the practical steps involved in planning and conducting a well-designed oral history project. Examples of these “principled practices” include:
- “Oral historians inform narrators about the nature and purpose of oral history interviewing in general and of their interview specifically.”
- “Oral historians insure that narrators voluntarily give their consent to be interviewed and understand that they can withdraw from the interview or refuse to answer a question at any time.”
- “Interviewers are obliged to ask historically significant questions, reflecting careful preparation for the interview and understanding of the issues to be addressed.”
- “Interviewees hold the copyright to their interviews until and unless they transfer those rights to an individual or institution….Interviewers must insure that narrators understand the extent of their rights to the interview and the request that those rights be yielded to a repository or other party, as well as their right to put restrictions on the use of the material. All use and dissemination of the interview content must follow any restrictions the narrator places upon it.”
- “Interviewers must respect the rights of interviewees to refuse to discuss certain subjects, to restrict access to the interview, or, under certain circumstances, to choose anonymity. Interviewers should clearly explain these options to all interviewees.”
- “In the use of interviews, oral historians strive for intellectual honesty and the best application of the skills of their discipline, while avoiding stereotypes, misrepresentations, or manipulations of the narrators’ words.”
Information to Collect
Centre College Archives requires the followings form for submission to the Archives:
Interview Release Form
This document allows for the deposit of oral histories into the college Archives. It must be signed for us to accept the oral history.
Oral History Information Form
This form needs to be filled out as completely as possible. It is confidential and kept on file in the archives. The Archivist uses this information in the post-processing of the interviews to create an authoritative name entry for the interviewee that is included in the metadata in the library databases, which is used to provide access to the interview during the online search process. Birth years and middle initials provide differentiation between people with the same first and last names, and that differentiation enables us to distinguish our interviewee from someone else with the same name, which then assists researchers with keyword/name searching in the library databases. Even if an interviewee would like to remain anonymous, we must have their contact information.
Suggested opening for interviews. This assists in capturing interviewer and interviewee names, locations, and the date of the interview.
Essays - Oral History in the Digital Age
"Written by some of the most noted experts in the field, the following texts are designed to give you the latest information on best practices in collecting, curating, and disseminating oral histories. "
"Four key elements of oral history work are preparation, interviewing, preservation, and access. Oral historians should give careful consideration to each at the start of any oral history project, regardless of whether it is comprised of one or many interviews. This brief document presents the Oral History Association’s guidelines for how to conduct a high-quality oral history interview; it highlights some standard practices that should help produce historically valuable and ethically conducted interviews."
Samples of Release Forms
Formal Agreement (release form)
Participating in an oral history interview must involve signing specific types of agreements or assigning intellectual property rights. Examples include Creative Common licenses, deeds of gift, nonexclusive licenses, permission-to-use agreements, and transfer of copyright.